Below is a short chart of tax rates on capital gains for the tax year 2021. Further explanations are available in the chart below.How much are taxes on Long-Term Capital Gains
Short-Term Capital Gains Tax Rate
Capital gains that are short-term (on assets sold and bought within less than a calendar year) are treated in the same manner as regular income you earn. You simply add the short-term profits to the other income you earn during the year, and you’ll be taxed on that short-term earnings by using tax brackets like the federal tax brackets available here..
For instance when you earn $60,000 from your job, and also had $13,000 in capital gains in the short term then the IRS advises you to add the two amounts to receive exactly the same treatment for the entire $73,000 in “regular income.”
Long-Term Capital Gains Tax Rate (Assets Sold Beyond One Year):
|Your long-term rate is…||If you are a Single taxpayer with income of…||Or, if Married, Filing Jointly, with combined income of…|
|0%||$1 – $40,400||$1 – $80,800|
|15%||$40,401 – $445,850||$80,801 – $501,600|
|20%||$445,851 or higher||$501,601 or higher|
Lower Long-Term Tax Rates Encourage Long-Term Investing:
If you examine those Federal tax rates for regular income to the tax rates for capital gains that are long-term, you can observe that capital gains from long-term investments typically have a lower tax burden (and always receive at the very least exactly the same rate of tax) as capital gains that are short-term.
Why? because it was the U.S. government decided long ago that people should be urged to be long-term savers and investors, rather than being short-term speculation. Therefore, if you purchase and sell the same asset in the same twelve-month period, it’s considered not eligible for tax breaks as it’s an immediate increase in your income. However when you purchase an asset and hold it for a longer period than one year prior to selling it you’ll be able to get better taxes as an investment.
If, for instance, you buy a share today for $15 in the hope of an opportunity to make money quickly If it increases to $20 the following month, prompting you to sell it, you’ll earn the profits you’ve hoped for however, the IRS does not like you with regards to taxes. In this case, you’ll be taxed for that gain at your regular tax rate. But if you bought the same stock for 15 dollars and carried it for one year prior to selling it for $20, then you’d be taxed less since the gain will be taxed at the capital gains tax rate. This for a majority of people will mean having to pay anywhere from 15% up to no tax on these gains, and it’s usually lower then the taxes that they pay for their income.